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Wing Droop, Gussets, and Laundry Tabs?

by julie on January 14, 2013


Gussets, Aplix, Doublers and Wing Droop? Have you ever started to read a cloth diaper review and gotten lost in the terminology? If you are new to cloth diapers and sometimes find it challenging to read through a review I wrote this post for you! Here are few terms that I thought might be helpful when reading Cloth Diaper Reviews!

AIO (All in One Diaper) –  Everything you need for this cloth diaper is attached. No separate

AI2 (All in Two Diaper) – These cloth diapers are made up of 2 components: an outer waterproof shell (cover) and an inner absorbant layer or layers.

Aplix – This is another term for velcro, this is a closure option for some cloth diapers


Cover – A cover is a waterproof barrier to keep all the wetness inside the diaper. A cover is  typically required for fitted diapers, prefolds, prefitteds, and flats.

Crossover Snaps – These snaps are located on the waist of the diaper. You will notice that there are extra snaps that may be empty after the diaper is closed. These snaps allow for a tighter fit for a skinnier baby. Essentially the flaps overlap to snap into these snaps and hence the name crossover snaps.

Gussets/Double Gussets – also known as a poop fence is a feature in the diaper that helps keep the poop from sliding around inside the diaper.


Doublers – Doublers are a type of insert used in addition to the regular insert. Doublers are usually thinner and do not hold as much liquid as a regular insert. Some doublers are shorter and used as a newborn insert in some one size diapers.

Flats – Flat cloth diapers are as the word says, flat. These are probably what our parents or grandparents used when they cloth diapered! Most flats are similar in size to a receiving blanket and can be folded many different ways to provide absorbency for the baby. Flats require a cover.

Fitteds – Fitted cloth diapers are designed to fit both snug and comfortable on your baby. They often come in different sizes for an even better fit. Fitted cloth diapers do need a cover as they are not waterproof.

Hip Snaps – Hip snaps are also as they sound, a snap that is located near your baby’s hip. These snaps are usually the furthest back and help to prevent wing droop. I am sure your next question is…what is wing droop? (See below). Hip snaps hold the “wing” or outside end of the diaper up so that it does not come through the bottom of the waist. Hip snaps are usually the most helpful when the diaper is on the smallest setting and there is more tabs or ends free.

Hip Snaps

Hybrid – Hybrid diapers or diapering systems will give you the option to use a disposable or reusable insert in your cover. Some people find these systems great for versatility.

Insert – An insert is what you put in the cloth diaper to absorb all of the wetness. Inserts can be made out of many different fabrics. Some inserts are safe to put directly against the baby’s bum while others should be used inside a pocket diaper. You can even use multiple inserts in one diaper.

Laundry Tabs – Laundry tabs are used to secure aplix cloth diapers before they are washed, so your diapers don’t end in a long chain. Laundry tabs are often located right next to the aplix iteself. Simply place the aplix on the tab before washing your diapers.


Microfiber – Is a synthetic (man made) material that inserts can be made from. Microfiber tends to be very absorbant but should not be placed into direct contact with your baby’s skin as it could cause an irritation. Microfiber also contains polyester or nylon or both.

Microfleece – Is a soft synthetic material made  from polyester. Microfleece is also water-repellent to help keep your baby feeling dry. Many pocket diapers are lined with microfleece.

One Size – One size diapers are typically advertised as being able to be used from birth to potty training although in some cases that is not always true. One size diapers have a step rise adjustment allowing them to be adjusted from small to medium to large depending on how many rows of snaps you have showing in the front of the diaper. One size diapers tend to be very popular because of their cost savings. But remember that not all babies will fit into these diapers from birth to potty training.

Prefitteds – Prefitted are not see that often in the cloth diaper world but are prefolds that have been converted into fitteds. Often this involves some type of sewing of the prefold to make it have a more snug fit on the baby.

Prefolds – Prefold cloth diapers are essentially flats that have added layers of absorbency. Typically there are 3 parts to a prefold: 2 outer layers that are less absorbent and 1 inner layer that is more absorbent. By folding all 3 layers together, you will get a great insert. Prefolds require covers.

Prepping Cloth Diapers – This is what you do to a diaper before you use it. Sometimes for synthetic materials, you only need to wash the diaper once or twice before use to get anything left behind from manufacturing. If the cloth diaper is made from an all natural material such as bamboo or hemp, you will want to do a few more washes before using the diapers. The extra washes help to increase the absorbency.

PUL (Polyurethane Laminate) PUL is a type of laminate seal used to make your cloth diapers waterproof. Many covers and pocket diapers have PUL on them. The PUL often has a shiny look to it.

Stay Dry – is a synthetic material found in many cloth diapers to help the baby feel dry.

Step Rise – This is the rows of snaps that you see on the front of the diaper. Sometimes there will be 3 or 4 rows of snaps.  These snaps adjust the height of diaper and thus the size (S, M, L). You will hear the term 2 Step Rise meaning there are 2 rows of snaps. These are most common on One Size Diapers.


Suedecloth – Is another synthetic polyester fabric blend. Suedecloth tends to be more finely woven together than microfiber and microfleece allowing for less stains. The suedecloth does not pill like microfleece and allows baby to feel dry. It has a thinner feel to it and washes very well.

TPU (Thermoplastic Polyurethane) – is another type of laminate, similar to PUL that is used to line the diaper to make it waterproof. TPU tends to have more of a softer feel and a dull shine to it.

Trimness – The trimness of a diaper describes how bulky or not bulky the diaper is. If you use a disposable diaper as a benchmark for being the trimmest type of diaper out there, cloth diapers can not compare to being super trim like a disposable. Cloth diapers do range from trim to bulky depending on the number of inserts or how the diaper is made. The “fluffier” the bum is, the less trim it is.

Wicking Moisture – To wick moisture away from the baby’s bum is to help keep the moisture away from the skin. Wicking is a good quality to find in a cloth diaper.

Wing Droop – Wing droop is what happens when the extra tabs on your cloth diapers are not in use and comes out througah the legs or up the stomach. This is hard to envision, so I might have to do a separate post on it soon! This problem is mostly seen when the diaper is on the smallest setting and does not have hip snaps. Wing Droop can lead to the diaper not fitting properly and thus leaks.


Do you want some more info on Cloth Diaper Terminology? Click HERE.

Were you ever confused with the terms in the beginning?

Are there any terms I missed that you think would be helpful to know for Cloth Diaper Reviews?


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